Marilyn McCord Adams



1961-64  University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana (A.B. Philosophy, 1964)

1964-67  Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. (Ph.D. Philosophy, 1967)

1983     Princeton Theological Seminary (Th.M., Biblical Studies, 1984)

1984     Princeton Theological Seminary (Th.M., Developmental Psychology and Faith Development, 1985)

2008     Oxford University, D.D.

2011     Berkeley Divinity School at Yale, D.D. honoris causa

Academic Employment: (Philosophy of Religion, Medieval Philosophy, Historical Theology)

1967-68  Instructor of Philosophy, SUNY College of Cortland

1968-72  Visiting Lecturer and Assistant Professor of Philosophy,  University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

1972-78  Associate Professor of Philosophy, UCLA

1978-93  Professor of Philosophy, UCLA

1985-87  Chair of Philosophy, UCLA

1991-93  Member of Campus-wide Committee on Academic Personnel

1993-03  Professor of Historical Theology, Yale Divinity School & Department of Religious Studies

1998-03  Horace Tracy Pitkin Chair of Historical Theology, Yale

2004-09  Regius Professor of Divinity, Christ Church, Oxford University

2009-2013 Distinguished Research Professor of Philosophy, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

2012-      Honorary Professor of Australian Catholic University

2013-2015 Recurrent Visiting Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers University


1974-75  National Endowment for the Humanities, Younger Humanist Fellow

1988-89  American Council of Learned Societies Fellow

1988-89  UC President’s Council for the Humanities Fellow

1989-90  Guggenheim Fellowship

2002-03  Luce Fellow

2005      Fellow at the Rockefeller Center, Bellagio, Italy

2009     AHRC  research leave grant

2014     Stewart Fellow in Religion and Philosophy, Humanities Council, Princeton University

Honorary Lectureships:

1992     Jellema Lectures, Calvin College

1997     Alexander Robertson Lecturer, University of Glasgow, Divinity School

1999     Aquinas Lecture, Marquette University

1999     Gifford Lectures, St. Andrew’s University

2003     Du Bose Lectures, Sewanee University of the South, School of Divinity

2005     Warfield Lectures, Princeton Theological Seminary

2008     George Barrett Lecture, St. Aidan’s, Los Angeles

2008     Kellogg Lectures, Episcopal Divinity School

2009     Sophia Lectures, Azusa Pacific University

2010     Bell Lecture on Anglican and Ecumenical Studies, University of Tulsa, OK

2011     Dewey Lecture, Pacific Division APA

2013     Stern Lectures, St. Matthew’s, Pacific Palisades, CA

2013     Steinmetz Lecture in Historical Theology, Duke Divinity School

2013    Third Annual Lecture in Analytical Theology, AAR


American Philosophical Association

Society of Christian Philosophers (co-founder & past president, current board member)

Society for Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy (co-founder & past president)

American Catholic Philosophical Association (past Executive Committee member)

American Academy of Religion

American Association of University Professors

Historical Society of the Episcopal Church (sometime vice president)

American Academy of Arts and Sciences




  1. Ockham’s Treatise on Predestination, God’s Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. Translated with introduction, notes, and bibliographies by Marilyn McCord Adams and Norman Kretzmann.  Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969, 136 pp.

 Second edition, Hackett Publishing Company, 1983 (with new introduction by M.M. Adams), 136 pp.

  1. Paul of Venice, On the Truth and Falsity of Propositions and On the Significatum of a Proposition. Edited by Francesco del Punta.

Translated with explanatory notes by Marilyn McCord Adams.  Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 1977, 294 pp.

  1. William Ockham. Notre Dame University Press, 1987, 2 volumes, 1402 pp.

Paperback edition, Notre Dame University Press, December, 1989.

Chapter 12 translated into Italian and published in Logica e Linguaggio nel Medioevo, Riccardo Fedriga & Sara Puggioni (Milano: Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia Diretto, 1993), 319-339.

  1. The Philosophical Theology of John Duns Scotus:  A Collection of Essays by Allan B. Wolter.  Edited by Marilyn McCord Adams.  Cornell University Press, 1990.

The Philosophical Theology of John Duns Scotus: Writings of Allan B. Wolter, OFM. 2nd edition. Edited with a new introduction by Marilyn McCord Adams, ix-xl. (St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute Publications, 2015).

  1. The Problem of Evil. Edited with an Introduction by Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams.  Oxford University Press, 1990.
  1. Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1999, 220 pp.

   Paperback edition, Cornell University Press, 2000.

  1. What Sort of Human Nature? The Metaphysics and Systematics of Christology.  The Aquinas Lecture, 1999.  Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1999, 113 pp.
  1. Christ and Horrors: The Coherence of Christology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, 331 pp.
  1. Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, 318 pp.

Paperback Edition.  Oxford University Press, 2012.


  1. Guest editor for Faith and Philosophy, Vol.13, No.4 (October 1996): Theological Contributions to Theodicy


  1. “Is the Existence of God a ‘Hard’ Fact?” Philosophical Review LXXVI (1967), 492-503.

Reprinted in God, Foreknowledge, and Freedom.  Edited with an Introduction by John Martin Fischer, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1989, 74-85.

Reprinted in Readings in Philosophy of Religion (2nd edition).  Edited by Baruch A. Brody. Prentice Hall, 1992, 437-45.

  1. “Intuitive Cognition, Certainty, and Scepticism in William Ockham,” Traditio XXVI (1970), 389-98.
  1. “Was Anselm a Realist? The Monologium,” Franciscan Studies XXXII (1972), 5-14.
  1. “Universal Salvation: A Reply to Mr. Bettis,” Religious Studies 7, 245-49.
  1. “Did Ockham Know of Material and Strict Implication? A Reconsideration,” Franciscan Studies XXXIII (1973), 5-37.
  1. “Hell and the God of Justice,” Religious Studies XI, 433-47.
  1. “What Does Ockham Mean by ‘Supposition’?” Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic XXVIII (1976), 375-91.
  1. “Divine Justice, Divine Love, and the Life to Come,” Crux XIII (1976-77), 12-18.
  1. “Ockham on Identity and Distinction,” Franciscan Studies XXXVI (1976), 5-74.
  1. “Ockham’s Nominalism and Unreal Entities,” Philosophical Review 1977, 144-76.
  1. “Ockham’s Theory of Natural Signification,” Monist LXI (1978), 444-59.
  1. “Was Ockham a Humean about Efficient Causality?” Franciscan Studies XXXVII (1979), 5-48.
  1. “Universals in the Early Fourteenth Century,” in Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy, edited by N. Kretzmann and A. Kenny, 1982, 411-39.
  1. “Relations, Subsistence, and Inherence, or Was Ockham a Nestorian in Christology?” Nous XVI (1982), 62-75.
  1. “Redemptive Suffering: A Christian Solution to the Problem of Evil,”in Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment, edited by Robert Audi and William Wainwright, Cornell University Press, 1986, 248-67.
  1. “Is To Will It As Bad As To Do It? The Fourteenth Century Debate,” with Rega Wood, Franciscan Studies XXXIX (1981), 5-60.
  1. “The Metaphysics of the Incarnation in Some Fourteenth Century Franciscans,” in Essays Honoring Allan B. Wolter, Franciscan Institute Publications, 1985, 21-57.
  1. “Things versus ‘Hows,’ or Ockham on Predication and Ontology,” How Things Are, edited by James Bogen, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1981, 175-88.
  1. “Duns Scotus’ Parisian Proof for the Existence of God,” with Allan B. Wolter, Franciscan Studies XL (1982), 248-321.
  1. “William Ockham: Voluntarist or Naturalist,” in Studies in Medieval Philosophy, edited by John Wippel, Catholic University Press, 1987, 219-47.
  1. “Duns Scotus on the Goodness of God,” Faith and Philosophy (1987), 486-505.
  1. “Problems of Evil: More Advice to Christian Philosophers,” in Faith and Philosophy (1988), 121-43.
  1. “The Structure of Ockham’s Moral Theory,” Franciscan Studies (XXIV) 1986, 1-35.
  1. “Separation and Reversal in Luke-Acts,” Philosophy and the Christian Faith, edited by Thomas Morris. Notre Dame University Press, 1988,pp. 92-117.
  1. “Theodicy without Blame,” Philosophical Topics XVI (1988), 215-45.
  1. “Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume LXIII (1989), 299-310.

Reprinted in The Problem of Evil. Edited with an Introduction by Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams.  Oxford University Press, 1990.

Reprinted in Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, ed. by Kelly James Clark (Toronto: Broadview Press, 2000), 219-226.

  1. “Ockham’s Individualisms,” Die Gegenwart Ockhams. Edited by W. Vossenkuhl and R. Schonberger (VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 1990), Kap.1, 3-24.
  1. “St. Anselm on the Goodness of God,” Medioevo XIII (1987), 75-102.
  1. “Forgiveness: A Christian Model,” Faith and Philosophy, Vol.8, No.3 (July 1991), 277-304.

Reprinted in Christian Theism and Moral Philosophy.  Edited by Michael Beaty, Carlton Fisher, and Mark Nelson.  Mercer University Press, 1998, 77-106.

  1. “Sin as Uncleanness,” Philosophical Perspectives: Philosophy of Religion (1991), 1-27.

  Reprinted in A Reader in Contemporary Philosophical Theology, ed. by Oliver Crisp (London & NY: T & T Clark, 2009), ch.13, 254-277.

  1. “Ockham on Truth,” Medioevo XVI (1990), 143-72.
  1. “St. Anselm on Truth,” Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale I.2 (1990), 353-72.
  1. “Symbolic Value and the Problem of Evil: Honor and Shame,” Interpretation in Religion, edited by Shlomo Biderman & Ben-Ami Scharfstein (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992), 259-82.
  1. “Aristotle and the Sacrament of the Altar: A Crisis in Medieval Theology,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 17 (1991), 195-249.
  1. “Philosophy and the Bible: The Areopagus Speech,” Faith and Philosophy (1992), 135-150.
  1. “Julian of Norwich on the Tender Loving Care of Mother Jesus,” in Our Knowledge of God, edited by K.J. Clark (Kluwer Academic Publishers: the Netherlands), 203-19.  Overlaps with the penultimate section of #30.
  1. “Aesthetic Goodness as a Solution to the Problem of Evil,” in God, Truth, and Reality: Essays in Honor of John Hick, edited by Arvind Sharma (The Macmillan Press: London, & St. Martin’s Press: New York, 1993), 46-61.
  1. “The Role of Miracles in the Structure of Luke-Acts,” Hermes and Athena, edited by Eleonore Stump and Thomas Flint (Notre Dame University Press, 1993), 235-273.
  1. Fides Quaerens Intellectum: St. Anselm’s Method in Philosophical Theology,” Faith and Philosophy (October 1992), 409-35.

Slightly revised version reprinted as “Anselm on Faith and Reason” in The Cambridge Companion to Anselm, ed. by Brian Leftow and Brian Davies. (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 32-59.

  1. “God and Evil: Polarities of a Problem,” Philosophical Studies 69 (1993), 39-58.
  1. “The Problem of Hell: A Problem of Evil for Christians,” Reasoned Faith, A festschrift for Norman Kretzmann, edited by Eleonore Stump, (Cornell University Press, 1993), 301-327.

Reprinted in Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, ed. by Kelly James Clark (Toronto: Broadview Press, 2000), 317-327.

  1. “The Resurrection of the Body according to Three Medieval Aristotelians: Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham,” Philosophical Topics 20 (1993), 1-33.
  1. “Duns Scotus on the Will as Rational Potency,” Via Scoti: Methodologica ad mentem Joannis Duns Scoti. Edited by Leonardo Sileo. (Roma: PAA-Edizioni Antonianum, 1995), 839-854.
  1. “St. Anselm on Evil: De Casu Diaboli,” Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale III.2 (1992), 423-451.
  1. “Introduction,” Peter Abelard: Ethical Writings–Ethics and Dialogue between a Philosopher, a Jew, and a Christian (trans. by Paul V. Spade), (Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1995), vii-xxvi.
  1. “Satisfying Mercy: Anselm’s Cur Deus Homo Reconsidered,” The Modern Schoolman LXXII (1995), 91-108.
  1. “Praying the Proslogion,” in The Rationality of Belief and the Plurality of Faith. Edited by Thomas Senor (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995), 13-39.
  1. “Common Nature and Instants of Nature: Ockham’s Critique of Scotus Reconsidered,” Veritas [Journal of Kyodai Medieval Society, Kyoto, Japan] XIV (1995), 55-67.
  1. “Scotus and Ockham on the Connection of the Virtues,” in John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics, ed. by Honnefelder, Wood, and Dreyer. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996), 499-522.
  1. “Dissolution and Integrity in the Fourteenth Century,” in Tradition and Ecstacy: Agony in the Fourteenth Century, ed. by. Nancy van Deusen (Ottawa, Canada: The Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1997), 99-108.
  1. “Evil and the God Who Does Nothing in Particular,” in Religion and Morality, ed. by D.Z. Phillips (London: Macmillan Press Ltd. & New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996), 107-131; Comments and Responses, Voice F, 310-321, esp.310-316.
  1. (With Allan B. Wolter.) “Memory and Intuition: A Focal Debate in Fourteenth Century Cognitive Psychology: Introduction, edition, and translation of Scotus’ Ordinatio IV,d.45,q.3,” Franciscan Studies 53 (1993) (Festschrift for Gedeon Gál), 175-230. [Actually published Summer 1997]
  1. “Chalcedonian Christology: A Christian Solution to the Problem of Evil,” Philosophy and Theological Discourse. Edited by Stephen T. Davis.  (Hampshire and London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1997), 173-198.
  1. “Ockham on Final Causality: Muddying the Waters,” Franciscan Studies 56 (1998) (Festschrift for Girard Etzkorn), 1-46.
  1. “Final Causality and Explanation in Scotus’ De Primo Principio,” in Nature in Medieval European Thought. Edited by Chumaru Koyama with preface by Wolfgang Kluxen. (1998), 221-264. (Volume in Japanese, published in Japan.)

English version: Nature in Medieval Thought: Some Approaches East and West.  Edited by Chumaru Koyama.  (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 153-183.

  1. “Reviving Philosophical Theology: Some Medieval Models,” Miscallanea Mediaevalia, Band 26: Was ist Philosophie im Mittelalter?, ed. by Jan A. Aertsen and Andreas Speer (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1998), 60-68.
  1. “Romancing the Good: God and the Self according to St. Anselm of Canterbury,” in The Augustinian Tradition, ed. by Gareth Matthews (University of California Press, 1998), 91-109.
  1. “Elegant Necessity, Prayerful Disputation: Method in Cur Deus Homo,” Studia Anselmiana: Cur Deus Homo (Roma 1999), 367-396.
  1. “Ockham on Will, Nature, and Morality,” in Cambridge Companion to Ockham, ed. by Paul Vincent Spade. (Cambridge University Press, 1999, ch.11, 245-272.
  1. “History of Philosophy as Tutor to Christian Philosophy,” in The Questions of Christian Philosophy Today (Bronx, NY: Fordham University Press, 1999), 37-60.
  1. “Re-reading De Grammatico, or Anselm’s Introduction to Aristotle’s Categories,” Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale XI.2000, 83-112.
  1. “Afterword,” in the second edition of Encountering Evil, ed. by Stephen T. Davis (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001), 191-203.
  1. “Trinitarian Friendship: Same Gender Models of Godly Love in Richard of St. Victor and Aelred of Rievaulx,” in Theology and Sexuality: Ancient and Contemporary Readings, edited by Eugene F. Rogers, Jr. (Blackwell, 2001), 322-339.
  1. “Horrors in Theological Context,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia LVII-4 (2001), 871-880.

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_______________________________, Scottish Journal of Theology,411-422.

  1. “Ockham on the Soul: Elusive Proofs, Dialectical Persuasions,” American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly (2002), Vol.75, 55-97.
  1. “Neglected Values, Shrunken Agents, Happy Endings: A Reply to Rogers,” Faith and Philosophy 19.2 (April 2002), 487-505.
  1. “In Praise of Blasphemy,” Philosophia: Philosophical Quarterly of Israel, Vol.36 (2003),nos.1-2, 1-17.
  1. The DuBose Lectures, Sewanee University of the South, October 16-17,’03: “Three Great Theological Ideas from the Middle Ages” in the Sewanee Theological Review Easter 2004, Volume 47:2, 129-180:

“The Metaphysical Size Gap,” 129-144.

“Courtesy, Divine and Human,” 145-163.

“The Primacy of Christ,” 164-180.

  1. “Sceptical Realism: Faith and Reason in Collaboration,” in Fides et Ratio: Friends or Foes in the New Millenium, eds. Anthony Fisher OP and Hayden Ramsey, (Adelaide: Australasian Theological Forum Press, 2004), 1-18.
  1. “Biting and Chomping Our Salvation! Eucharistic Presence, Radically Understood,” in Redemptive Transformation in Practical Theology, ed. by Dana Wright and John D. Kuentzel (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004), 69-94.
  1. Cur Deus Homo? Priorities Among the Reasons,” Faith and Philosophy 21.2 (April 2004), 1-18.
  1. “What’s Metaphysically Special about Supposits?” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume LXXIX (2005), 15-52.
  1. “The Coherence of Christology: God Enmattered and Enmattering,” Princeton Seminary Bulletin Vol.XXVI, no.2, 157-179.
  1. “Can Creatures Create?” Philosophia (2006) 34, 101-128.
  1. “Powerless Causes: The Case of Sacramental Causality,” Thinking about Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics. Ed. by Peter Machamer and Gereon Wolters. (Pittsburgh: The University of Pittsburg Press, 2007), in Pittsburgh-Konstanz volume on Causality, 47-76.
  1. “Plantinga on ‘Felix Culpa’: Analysis and Critique,” Faith and Philosophy Vol. 25 No.2 (April 2008), 123-140.
  1. “The Metaphysics of the Trinity in Some Fourteenth Century Franciscans,” Franciscan Studies, vol. 66 (2008), 101-168.
  1. “William Ockham on Making the Most of Morality, While Keeping Morality in Its Place,” Ex Corde: Franciscan Studies in Theology, vol.I (2009), 28-50.
  1. “The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary: A Thought Experiment in Medieval Philosophical Theology,” The Harvard Theological Review 103:2 (2010), 133-159.
  1. “Essential Orders and Sacramental Causality,” John Duns Scotus, Philosopher. Proceedings of “The Quadruple Congress” on John Duns Scotus, Part I, eds. Mary Beth Ingham and Oleg Bychov. Subsidia 3 (Münster-St. Bonaventure, NY: Aschendorff-Franciscan Institute Publications, 2010), 191-205.
  1. “Bodies in Their Places: Multiple Location according to John Duns Scotus,” Johannes Duns Scotus 1308-2008: Die Philosophisches Perspektiven Seines Werken, Proceedings of the Quadruple Congress on John Duns Scotus, Part III, eds. Ludger Honnefelder, Hannes Möhle, Andreas Speer, Theo Kobusch, and Susana Bullido del Barrio. Subsidia 5 (Münster-St. Bonaventure, NY: Aschendorff-Franciscan Institute Publications, 2010), 139-149.
  1. “Julian of Norwich: Problems of Evil and the Seriousness of Sin” (7474 words), Philosophia, vol.39 (2011), 433-447. DOI: 10.1007/s11406-011-9309-6
  1. “Which is It? Religious Pluralism or Global Theology?” Religious Pluralism and the Modern World: An Ongoing Engagement with John Hick, ed. by Sharada Sugirtharaja (Palgreve Press, 2011), ch.2, 34-44.
  1. “Why Bodies as Well as Souls in the Life to Come?” The Science of Being as Being: Metaphysical Investigations, ed. Gregory T. Doolan (Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2012), ch.12, 264-297.
  1. “St. Anselm on the Goodness of God,” St. Anselm and His Legacy, ed. by Giles E.M. Gasper and Ian Logan, (Toronto: Pontifical Institute for Medieval Studies, 2012), 360-384.
  1. “Whose Thought Is It? The Soul and Its Actions in Some Thirteenth and Fourteenth Century Philosophers” jointly with Cecilia Trifogli, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. LXXXV, No.3 (November 2012), 624-647.
  1. “Ignorance, Instrumentality, Compensation, and the Problem of Evil” (10,856 words), Sophia, published first online November 10, 2012: DOI: 10.1007/s11841-012-0346-9; vol.52, Issue 1 (2013), 7-26.
  1. “Evil as Nothing: Contrasting Construals in Boethius and Anselm,” The Modern Schoolman, Vol.89, No.3-4 (July and October 2012), 131-145.

 Reprinted in  Anselmo e la ‘Nuova’ Europa, ed. by Guilio Cipollone & Maria Silvia Boari.  Miscellanea Historiae Pontificiae #70 (Roma: Gregorian Biblical Press, 2014).

  1. “Powers versus Laws: God and the Order of the World according to Some Late Medieval Aristotelians” in The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives, ed. by Eric Watkins (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 3-26.
  1. “An ad hominem Argument from Evil for Belief in God” (8220 words), in A Companion to the Problem of Evil, ed. by Justin McBrayer and Daniel Howard- Snyder (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), 160-173.
  1. “Genuine Agency, Somehow Shared: The Holy Spirit and Other Gifts” (17,326 words), Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, vol.I (2013), 23-60.
  1. “What’s Wrong with the Ontotheological Error?” (7580 words) Analytic Theology, vol.2 (2014), 1-12.
  1. “Eucharistic Drama, Rehearsing for a Revolution” (8362 words), in Theatrical Theology: Explorations in Performing the Faith, ed. by Wesley Vander Lugt and Trevor A. Hart (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2014), 203-22.
  2.  “Duns Scotus on the Female Gender” (8226 words), The Oxford Handbook of Theology: Sex and Gender, ed. by Adrian Thatcher (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015), ch.16, 255-270.
  1. “Friendliness: Human and Divine” (9962 words) in Rethinking the Medieval Legacy for Contemporary Theology, ed. by Anselm K. Min (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2014), ch.2, 43-70.
  1. “The Indwelling of the Holy Spirit: Some Alternative Models” (7756 words), in Christian Philosophical Perspectives on Human Nature, ed. by J. Prudhomme and Peter Weigel (Peter Lang Ltd, 2015), 83-99.
  1. “Scotus on the Metaphysics of Habits” (6799 words), forthcoming in the Proceedings of the ACPA, vol.88 (2014), 71-83.

DOI: 10.5840/acpaproc2015112326

  1. “What about Hylomorphism? Some Medieval and Recent Ruminations on Swinburne’s Dualism” (9851 words), Reason and Faith: Themes from Richard Swinburne, eds. Jeffrey Brower and Michael Bergmann (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016), ch.10, 220-243.
  1. “Horrors: To What End?” (8872 words), Alternative Concepts of God: Essays in the Metaphysics of the Divine, ed. by Yujin Nagasawa and Andrei Buckareff, (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016), ch.7, 128-144.


  1. “William Ockham” (encyclopedia article) in Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology (Philosophia Verlag: München), vol.II, . (10 pp. typed)
  1. “Anselm of Canterbury, St.,” in the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Edited by Robert Audi. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 26-28.
  1. “Ockham, William,” in the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Edited by Robert Audi. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 543-545.
  1. “Ockham’s Razor, Parsimony, Principle of” in the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Edited by Robert Audi. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 545.
  1. “Ockham, William of” in Companion to Epistemology, eds. Jonathan Dancy and Ernest Sosa. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1992), 313-14.
  1. “Ockham, William,” in Companion to Metaphysics, eds. E. Sosa and J. Kim (Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1995), 371-373.
  1. “Anselm of Canterbury, St.” in Companion to Metaphysics, eds. E. Sosa and J. Kim (Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1995), 12-13.
  1. “Hylomorphism,” in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed. by Ted Honderich (Oxford University Press, 1995), 384-385.
  1. “Ockham’s Razor,” in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed. by Ted Honderich (Oxford University Press, 1995), 633.
  1. “William Ockham,” in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed. by Ted Honderich (Oxford University Press, 1995), 633.
  1. “Anselm of Canterbury, St.” in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed. by Ted Honderich (Oxford University Press, 1995), 37-38.
  1. “The Problem of Evil,” in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Routledge & Kegan Paul) 3:466-472.
  1. “Hell,” in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Routledge & Kegan Paul) 4:329-333.


  1. Scriptum in Librum Primum Sententiarum: Ordinatio.  Vol. I:  Prologus.

By William Ockham.  Edited by Gedeon Gál and Stephen Brown.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., Franciscan Insittute 1967.   In Philosophical Review 1970, 268-74.

  1. Peter Abelard’s Ethics. An edition with an introduction, translation, and notes by D.E. Luscombe.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1971.

In Philosophical Review 1973, 404-9.

  1. D.P. Henry, Commentary on Anselm’s De Grammatico, Reidel, 1974.

In Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Sciences 1976, 311-17.

  1. Gordon Leff, William Ockham: The Metamorphosis of Scholastic Discourse, Manchester University Press, 1975. In Journal of the History of Philosophy XV (1977), 334-9.
  1. Scriptum in Librum Sententiarum: Ordinatio: Vol.III.  By William Ockham.

 Edited by G. Etzkorn.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., The Franciscan Institute, 1977. In Philosophical Review 1979, 117-21.

  1. Gordon Leff, The Dissolution of the Medieval Outlook: An Essay on the Intellectual and Spiritual Change in the Fourteenth Century, New York University Press, 1976.  In Journal of the History of Philosophy XVIII  (1980), 83-87.
  1. G. de Ockham, Opera Philosophica II. Edited by G. Gál, S. Brown, et al.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., The Franciscan Institute, 1978.  In Philosophical Review 1980, 129-37.
  1. G. de Ockham, Opera Theologica IV. Edited by G. Etzkorn and F. Kelly.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., The Franciscan Institute, 1979.  In Philosophical Review 1983, 93-97.
  1. G. de Ockham, Opera Theologica IX. Edited by J. Wey.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., The Franciscan Institute, 1980.  In Philosophical Review 1983, 98-103.
  1. G. de Ockham, Opera Theologica V-VI. Vol. V edited by G. Gál and R. Wood. Vol. VI edited by G. Etzkorn and F. Kelly.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y., The Franciscan Institute, 1981 & 1982.  In Philosophical Review 1986, 474-80.
  1. G. de Ockham, Opera Theologica VII. Edited by R. Wood and G. Gál, assist-ed by R. Green. St. Bonaventure, N.Y., 1984.  In Philosophical Review 1988, 417-24.
  1. Review of Adam de Wodeham, Lectura Secunda, vols.1-3. Edited by Rega Wood and Gedeon Gal.  St. Bonaventure, N.Y.: Franciscan Institute Publications, 1990; in Philosophical Review 102 (1993), 588-594.
  1. Review of Schufreider, Gregory. Confessions of a Rational Mystic: Anselm’s Early Writings. (Purdue University Series in the History of Philosophy.) West Layfayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 1994. Pp.ix, 392; in Speculum (April 1996), 242-245.
  1. Review of Armand Maurer, The Philosophy of William of Ockham in the Light of Its Principles (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1999), 590pp.; in University of Toronto Quarterly.
  1. “Metaphysics and Eschatology: A Response to Tonstad,” Conversations in Religion and Theology, May 2010, 34-36.


  1. “Once and Future Rescue: Psalm 85” (1144 words) forthcoming in Interpretation. [Exegetical essay]
  1. “Perfect Productive Power: A Unifying Theme in Scotus’ Philosophical Theology” (10,456 words), forthcoming in the Canadian Journal for Scholarship and the Christian Faith.
  2. “Showings to Share: The Mystical Theology of Julian of Norwich” (8152 words), forthcoming in a festshrift on mysticism in honor of John Jones, ed. by Bernard McGinn, Herder & Herder.
  1. “Caveat Emptor! Moral Theory and Problems of Evil” (8859 words), forthcoming in Ethics and the Problem of Evil, ed. James Sterba, Indiana University Press, 9-26.
  1. “Aquinas on the Soul: Some Intriguing Conundrums” (9688 words) for Critical Guide to the Summa Theologiae, ed. by Jeffrey Hause (Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press).


  1. Book on the philosophical theology of St. Anselm of Canterbury: St. Anselm on the Goodness of God.
  1. Book on medieval theories of the soul.
  1. Book on the doctrine of the atonement.
  1. “Authorized Innovations: Universals, Sharable Individuals, and Supposits” (10,736 words) for a conference at the Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy Sept 5-7, 2011; conference volume projected.
  1. “Culprit Doctrines and Theological Gaps” (3839 words) presented at the Yale conference Sex Abuse and the Study of Religion, September 23-24, 2011.
  1. “Death and Memories” (1476 words), solicited by a volume of reflections on death by Care Goodstal Spinks.
  1. “Housing the Powers: Self Actuation and Cosmic Design” (9281 words), read at a colloquium at Princeton University, Philosophy Department and as the Aquinas Lecture at the Catholic University in Leuven, Belgium. [research article]
  1. “Perler on Emotions within a Hylomorphic Frame” (2958) given at a workshop on the passions in medieval and early modern philosophy at Princeton University, February 15, 2014.
  1. “Freedom as the Goal of Salvation” (4259 words) to be given at the Central Division APA, February 2014.
  1. “Mascot or Judge: God and the Mores of Church and Society” (8556 words) for volume forthcoming from the conference “God: Theological Accounts and Ethical Possibilities” held at Chicago Divinity School, April 9, 2014.
  1. “Atonement as Friendship and Friendship Reconciled” (9384 words) for the Logos workshop on Atonement, at Notre Dame, May 8-10, 2014.
  1. “Some Paradoxes of Pain for Rational Agency” ( 8739 words) for the Suffering and Reason conference at the University of Glasgow, July 4-6, 2014 and conference volume.
  1. “The Teleology-Delusion: Positive Purpose in This World without a Personal God?” (6488 words) for a plenary address at Northwestern’s Religion and the Elements conference, October 31, 2014, and then to the Alabama Philosophical Society, September 30, 2016.
  1. “Mind-Altering Practices: Self-Delusion or Perception Disorder Overcome?” (2775 words). Response to Tanya Luhrmann’s book When God Talks Back for the AAR meetings, November 22, 2014.
  1. “Getting Along with the God that We’ve Got” (9495 words) given at a Templeton conference on analytic philosophy and the problem of evil in Frankfurt, Germany, September 17-19, 2015; to be translated into German and published in the conference volume.
  1. “Duns Scotus versus Henry of Ghent on Divine Illumination: Muddying the Waters” (12,712 words) given at the Medieval Philosophy Conference, University of Toronto, September 25-26, 2015.
  1. “Duns Scotus on the Dignities of Human Nature” (10,306 words), plenary lecture for a PTS Conference on the Scottish Enlightenment, March 13, 2016.
  1. “Sanctifying Matter” (3445 words) for a volume Knowing Creation edited out of St. Andrew’s University by Andrew B. Torrance and Thomas H. McCall.
  1. “Sin, How Original?” (6781 words) for the Logos 2016 Conference on Sin.
  1. “The Moral Relevance of Empathizing with the Worst” (7350 words) for a Georgetown conference on moral philosophy, October 2016.
  1. “Eucharistic Real Presence: Some Scholastic Background to Luther’s Debate with Zwingli” (10544 words) for a conference “Beyond Oberman”: Luter and the Middle Ages at Northwestern, November 1-4, 2016.
  1. “Perfect Freedom” (8004 words) for A Companion to Free Will, ed. by Joseph Campbell (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons).
  1. “For Better for Worse Solidarity” (4633 words) for a collection Christ and the Created Order, edited by Andrew B. Torrance and Thomas H. McCall.


  1. “Courting a Crisis,” Princeton Seminary Bulletin XIII.2 (1992), 199-203. [Sermon]
  1. “Holy Conflict,” The Living Pulpit 3.3 (1994), 40-41. [Sermon]
  1. “Love of Learning, Reality of God,” in Philosophers Speak of God, ed. by Thomas V. Morris (Oxorfd & New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 137-161. [Spiritual Autobiography]
  1. “Eucharistic Prayer for the Powerless, the Oppressed, the Unusual,” Equal Rites: Lesbian and Gay Worship, Ceremonies, and Celebrations. Edited by Kittredge Cherry & Zalmon Sherwood.  (Louisville, Kentucky:  Westminster John Knox Press, 1995), 111-113.  [Eucharistic Prayer]
  1. “Hurricane Spirit, Toppling Taboos,” Ourselves, Our Souls and Bodies. Edited by Charles Hefling. (Cowley Press, 1996), 129-141.   [Article]
  1. “The Love of Christ Controls Us!” Trinity College Bulletin: Annual Journal of Trinity College and the Faculty of Divinity in the University of Glasgow n.s. no.14 (1997), 60-64. [Sermon/Article]
  1. “The Wild Ones,” The Living Pulpit 9.1 (2000), 14-15. [Sermon]
  1. “Crucified Leaders,” Berkeley at Yale (Winter 2002 no.20), 16-17. [Sermon]
  1. “Realistic Re-creation,” Spectrum (Graduation Issue) Spring 2002, 2-3. [Sermon]
  1. “Confession” in Race and Prayer: Collected Voices, Many Dreams, ed. by Malcolm Boyd and Chester Talton (Harrisburg, London, New York: Morehouse Publishing A Continuum Imprint, 2003), 3. [Prayer]
  1. Inclusive Church Sermon in Church Times February 2004. [On Some Issues in Human Sexuality]
  1. “Silence is not the answer on Sexuality” in Face to Faith, the Manchester Guardian 2004.
  1. “Afterword,” in The Call for Women Bishops, ed. by Harriet Harris and Jane Shaw (London: SPCK, 2004), 193-196.
  1. “How to quench the Spirit!” [on the Windsor Report], Church Times October 29, 2004. [800 words]
  1. Wrestling for Blessing (London: Darton, Longman, and Todd and Church Publishing Incorporated 2005) 144pp. [book: collection of sermons]
  1. “Wahrheit und Toleranz,” Orientierung Nr. 4 69.Jahrgang, Zürich,28, Februar 2005, 47-48. [German translation of sermon delivered for the BBC broadcast of matins commemorating 300th anniversary of Locke’s death, Nov 7, 2004.]

17: “Spirited Peace,” The Expository Times Vol.116, Number 7 (April 2005), 237-238.           [Sermon]

  1. “Violent Devotion,” The Expository Times Vol.116, Number 8 (May 2005), 271-273. [Sermon]
  1. “Sexuality without taboos,” in The Bible, The Church and Homosexuality, ed. by Nicholas Coulton (London: Dartman, Longman, and Todd 2005), 36-48. [article]
  1. “Figs from Thistles,” The Expository Times Vol.116, Number 9 (June 2005), 309-310. [Sermon]
  1. “Faithfulness in Crisis: The Follies of the Windsor Report,” in Gays and the Future of Anglicanism, ed. by Andrew Lindzey and Richard Kirker, (Winchester and New York: O Books, 2005), 70-80. [article]
  1. “Deep Waters,” The Expository Times Vol.116, Number 10 (July 2005), 340-341. [Sermon]
  1. “Forgiving Discipline,” The Expository Times Vol. 116, Number 11, 379-381. [Sermon]
  1. “The Backside of God,” The Expository Times Vol. 116, Number 12, 418-420. [Sermon]
  1. “What Sort of King?” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 1, 27-28. [Sermon]
  1. “Imaginative Faith, Surprising Hope!” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 2, 74-75. [Sermon]
  1. “Housing the Holiness,” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 3, 112-113. [Sermon]
  1. “Consenting Adults!” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 4, 156-157. [Sermon]
  1. “Healing Judgment,” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 5, 196-197. [Sermon]
  2. “Questioning and Disputing Authority: Medieval Methods for Modern Preaching,” The Expository Times, Vol. 117 Number 6, 231-236. [lecture/article]
  1. “A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life,” Theology (July 2006), 243-251. [university sermon/article]
  1. “The Resurrection of the Body,” The Expository Times Vol.117 Number 6, 251-252. [Sermon]
  1. “God’s Friends!?!” The Expository Times Vol. 117 Number 7, 291-292. [Sermon]
  1. “Faith and Works, or How James is a Lutheran!” The Expository Times Vol. 117, Number 8, 462-464. [Sermon]

    Reprinted in abridged form in Luther Digest: An Annual Abridgement of Luther Studies, Vol.17 (2009), 13.

  1. “Blessed Trinity, Society of Friends,” The Expository Times Vol. 117 Number 8, 331-332. [Sermon]
  1. “House-building,” The Expository Times Vol. 117 Number 9, 378-380. [Sermon]
  1. “Intense Encounters, Living Bread,” The Expository Times Vol. 117 Number 10, 419-420. [Sermon]
  1. “Diagnostic Discipleship,” The Expository Times Vol.117, Number 12, 509-510. [Sermon]
  1. “A Shameless Defense of a Liberal Church,” Modern Believing: Church and Society Vol.48:1 (January 2007), 25-37. [current issues article]
  1. “Fallen Idols” The Expository Times Vol. 119, Number 2, 85-87. [Sermon]
  1. “Good Shepherd?” The Expository Times Vol. 119, Number 6, 287-288. [Sermon]
  1. “Leaven in the Lump of Lambeth: Spiritual Temptations and Ecclesial Opportunities,” in Anglican Matters, Supplement to LGCM News Update, 2007. [article]
  1. Opening to God: Childlike Prayers for Adults (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox, 2008), 134 pp. ISBN 978-0-664-23305-1 [book of prayers]
  1. “Shaking the Foundations: LGBT Bishops and Blessings in the Fullness of Time,” Anglican Theological Review, Vol.90, no.4 (Fall 2008), 713-732. [article]
  1. “Unfit for Purpose, or Why a Pan-Anglican Covenant is a Very Bad Idea,” Modern Believing: Church and Society, vol.49:4 (October 2008), 23-45. [article]
  1. “Gospel Compulsion,” The Expository Times Vol. 120, Number 4 (2009), 183-185. [Sermon]
  1. “Arguments from Tradition,” in Christian Holiness and Human Sexuality: A Study Guide for Episcopalians (Evanston, IL: the Chicago Consultation, July 2009), ch.3, 13-16. [article]
  1. “Death and Horrors,” The Expository Times Vol.120, Number 12, 596-598. [Sermon]
  1. “Interrupted Resurrection, Resurrecting Interruption,” The Expository Times, Vol.121, Number 6, 299-300. [Sermon]
  1. “No Thanks!” The Expository Times, Vol.121, Number 17, 615-617. [Sermon]
  1. “The Episcopacy of All Believers,” Modern Believing, vol. 51:4 (October 2010), 9-28. [article]
  1. “Bullying is a species of Torture,” The Episcopal Cafe: The Daily Episcopalian Available at: [Sermon/reflection]
  1. “Lenten Work”< [reflection]
  1. Eight “theological perspective” articles (@ 1000 words) in the Feasting on the Word (Westminster John Knox) commentary series: Amos 6:1a, 4-7; Exodus 32:7-14; Joshua 24:1-3a, 14-25; Mk 1:9-15; Mk 9:2-9; Mt 6:1-6, 16-21; Ps 78:1-7; Ps 113.
  1. “Born of outrage, this is just confusion” (970 words), The Church Times (March 18, 2011), 21. [opinion/analysis]
  1. “What sort of victory?” The Episcopal Cafe: The Daily Episcopalian. Available at: [Sermon/reflection]
  1. “Fiery Trials, Realistic Surprises,” The Expository Times, Vol.122, Number 8 (May 2011), 389-391. [Sermon]
  1. “Recent Developments in the Anglican Communion, or Ecumenism Misapplied” (4376 words), Modern Believing, vol. 52:3 (July 2011), 4-14. [article]
  1. “A Child’s Christmas,” The Expository Times, Vol.123, Number 2 (November 2011), 83-84. [Sermon]
  1. “Kneading Light into Clay,”< [Reflection]
  1. “God and Evil among the Philosophers,” presented as the Dewey Lecture at the Pacific Division APA meetings in San Diego, CA on April 23, 2011, Proceedings and Addresses of the APA 85:2 (November 2011), 65-80. [autobiographical professional retrospective]

Reprint in Portraits of American Philosophy, ed. Stephen Cahn, The John Dewey Foundation: Rowman & Littlefield, 2013, 129-150.

  1. “Sex and the Sins of the Fathers: Fertility Religion versus Human Rights” (7136 words), in Radical Christian Voices and Practice: Essays in Honour of Christopher Rowland, ed. by Zoë Bennett and David B. Gowler (Oxford University Press, 2012), 241-255. [article]
  1. “Real Authority,” The Expository Times, Vol.123, No.9 (June 2012), 446-447. [Sermon]
  1. “Strange Exorcists,” [10/1/2012] [Sermon]
  1. “Blessed Fruit,” The Expository Times, vol. 124, no.2 (November 2012), 79-80. [Sermon]
  1. “The Slaughter of the Innocents,” Episcopal Cafe (Dec 17, 2012) [Sermon and Prayers]
  1. “Truth and Reconciliation” in The Theologians in Their Own Words, ed. by Derek Nelson, Joshua Moritz, and Ted Peters (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2013), 15-33. [autobiographical retrospective]
  1. “Which Shepherd?” The Expository Times, vol. 124, no.6, 289-91. [Sermon]
  1. “The Substance of Faith,” The Expository Times, vol.124, no.10, 496-497. [Sermon]
  1. “Uprooting Trees,” The Expository Times, vol.124, no.12, 594-596. [Sermon]
  1. “Death-Bed Reality,” When Two or Three are Gathered (Cincinnati, OH: Forward Movement Press, 2013), 7-10. [spiritual story]
  1. “Praying Angry and Surviving Abuse,” (1655 words) Reverberations: New Directions in the Study of Prayer,
  1. “Fulfilling All Righteousness” (1760 words), The Expository Times, vol.125, n.3, 127-129. [Sermon]
  1. “‘Getting Real’!” (1716 words), The Expository Times, vol.125, n.5, 237-239. [Sermon]
  1. “The Ordination of Women: Some Theological Implications,” in Looking Forward, Looking Backward: Forty Years of Women’s Ordination, ed. by Fredrica Harris Thompsett (New York, Harrisburg, & Denver: Morehouse Publishing, 2014), ch.7, 64-73. [Article]
  1. “Crossing over Jordan” (1495 words), Expository Times, vol.126, n.1, 30-32. [Sermon]
  1. “Liberal and Proud of It!” (1432 words), Modern Believing, 55.4 (2014), 331-334. [Article]
  1. “The Coming Judgment,” The Episcopal Cafe:
  1. “And Finally… Really Present Relationship!” Expository Times, vol.126, n.5, 258.
  1. “Prayer as ‘the Lifeline of Theology’” (5682 words), Anglican Theological Review: Anglican Women at Prayer, 98.2 (2016), 271-283. [article]